mainheader.gif (10771 bytes)

Agency Detail


Agency No. 1200
Agency Title  ABORIGINES PROTECTION BOARD
Start Date  1 Jan 1886
End Date  1 Apr 1898
Category  Statutory Authority
Creating Legislation  An Act to provide for the better protection and management of the Aboriginal natives of Western Australia, and to amend the law relating to certain contracts with such Aboriginal natives (statute 25/1886); An Act to provide certain matters connected with the Aborigines (statute 24/1889) (to be read in conjunction with the 1889 Constitution Act).
Agency Description  In 1886, following the recommendation of a Select Committee, the administration of Aboriginal affairs was removed from the Colonial Secretary and entrusted to the Aborigines Protection Board, consisting of five members and a secretary, all of whom were nominated by the Governor without the advice or consent of the Executive Council. The establishment of the Board, although an important step, was in no way a radical departure from the existing administrative set-up and was brought about primarily by the increased pressure of business in the office of the Colonial Secretary. The Governor, and ultimately the Colonial Office (United Kingdom), remained responsible for matters of policy.

During the negotiations which led to the grant of responsible government in 1890, the Colonial Office insisted that the control of the Aboriginal people in Western Australia remained vested in the Governor even after the granting of self-government. Consequently, the Constitution Act of 1889 provided that the Aborigines Protection Board, rather than a government department under a Minister of the Crown, should remain responsible for the care of Aboriginal people and stipulated that the sum of 5, 000 pounds or 1% of gross revenue (should revenue exceed 500, 000 pounds per annum) be annually appropriated to the welfare of the Aboriginal population. It was also declared at the same time that the Governor, in directing the Board, should act independantly of his constitutional advisors.

These provisions, not unnaturally, resulted in friction between the Colonial Office and the Western Australian government, which objected to having to provide funds over which it had no control and regarded the continued existence of the Board as inconsistent with the spirit of self-government. Moreover, the Board had to rely on the executive for the carrying out of its orders and would be powerless to act should the government decide to block any of its decisions. The controversy, which was first brought into the open in 1891, lasted for almost six years and was finally resolved when complete control of Aboriginal affairs was passed to the government of Western Australia.

 
Preceding Agencies 
-
 
Succeeding Agencies 
47 DEPARTMENT OF NATIVE AFFAIRS 1 Jan 1936 ~ 31 Dec 1954   Detail
48 DEPARTMENT OF NATIVE WELFARE 1 Jan 1955 ~ 16 Jun 1972   Detail
49 ABORIGINAL AFFAIRS PLANNING AUTHORITY 16 Jun 1972 ~ 31 Oct 1994   Detail
63 ABORIGINES DEPARTMENT [2] 1 Jan 1926 ~ 1 Jan 1936   Detail
64 DEPARTMENT OF THE NORTH WEST [1] 1 Jan 1920 ~ 1 Jan 1926   Detail
65 FISHERIES DEPARTMENT [2] 1 Jan 1920 ~ 1 Sep 1964   Detail
66 DEPARTMENT OF ABORIGINES AND FISHERIES 1 Jan 1909 ~ 1 Jan 1920   Detail
67 ABORIGINES DEPARTMENT [1] 1 Apr 1898 ~ 31 Dec 1908   Detail
797 ABORIGINAL AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT 1 Nov 1994 ~ 30 Jun 2001   Detail
1202 DEPARTMENT OF INDIGENOUS AFFAIRS 1 Jul 2001 ~ 16 May 2013   Detail
 
Superior Agencies 
617 GOVERNOR'S ESTABLISHMENT 1 Jan 1886 ~ 1 Apr 1898   Detail
 
Subordinate Agencies 
-
 
Functions exercised by this agency 
4 SOCIAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICES 1 Jan 1886 ~ 1 Apr 1898   Detail
 
Record series created by this agency 
3000 MINUTES 1 Jan 1887 ~ 1 Apr 1898   Detail
3020 CORRESPONDENCE (GRIBBLE CASE) 1 Jan 1886 ~ 30 Jun 1887   Detail
3021 NEWSPAPER CUTTINGS (GRIBBLE CASE) 1 Jan 1884 ~ 31 Dec 1887   Detail
3022 PAMPHLET (GRIBBLE CASE) 1 Jan 1886 ~ 1 Jan 1886   Detail
3023 STATEMENTS (GRIBBLE CASE) 3 Sep 1886 ~ 3 Sep 1886   Detail
3025 REPORTS/STATEMENTS (CLARKSON CASE) 1 Jan 1875 ~ 31 Dec 1882   Detail
3026 CORRESPONDENCE - GENERAL 1 Jan 1886 ~ 1 Apr 1898   Detail
3027 REPORTS 1 Jan 1886 ~ 1 Apr 1898   Detail
3048 MEMORANDA (ROUGH MINUTE BOOK) 10 Mar 1892 ~   Detail



Simple Search |  Advanced Search 
Back to AEON Start Page

 

[Home]


State Records Office of Western Australia
Last Updated 23 August 2004

Please make queries or comments regarding AEON to sro@sro.wa.gov.au